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The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) as a Dynamic Leader and a Superb Administrator

Another wonderful quality of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) was his leadership and administration. The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) possessed enviable qualities of head and heart. He remained calm yet steadfast in the hostile environs of Makkah and then he established his worth as a successful and strong leader at Medinah. He took several daring decisions to promote peace and tranquility in Medinah.

He, for example, managed to unite the mutually hostile tribes of 'Aus and Khazraj on the one hand and the Muslims and the Jews on the other (at least during the early years). He established a new kind of brotherhood (Mawakhat) between two fighting groups of Muhajireen and Ansar.

He was the best strategist and could therefore fight any enemy even many times stronger than the Muslims. According to him, "War is nothing but a game of tricks." His great success was to foil the attempt of the Allies to win over the Jews of Banu Qurayza during the siege of Madinah in 5 A.H. If that attempt had gained success, it might have brought destruction to Medinah.

Despite his genius, he was in the habit of consulting his Shoora, the body of his advisors, on all important occasions. This is a habit that should be followed by all Muslim leaders of modern times. The Holy Prophet (ﷺ), similarly, set several examples of dispensing justice without any prejudice or discrimination. In Madinah often cases were brought before him by the non-Muslims against the Muslim citizens of the same town.

The Holy Prophet (ﷺ), in many instances, gave strong rulings even against some of the noted companions. A companion, Abdullah bin Abi Hadrad Ansari was indebted by five Dirhams to a Jew. Abdullah was in a state of sheer poverty but the Jew was not willing to give him any concession and he appealed in the court of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) for the recovery of his debt.

On Holy Prophet's orders, Abdullah sold one of his garments for three Dirhams and borrowed two Dirhams from another companion to retire the debt of the Jew. In Medinah, it was a custom among the issueless women that they vowed to God that if a child was born to one she would devote the child to Judaism.

Now after conversion to Islam several Muslim women wanted to get their children back and make them Muslims. When the matter was brought to the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) he gave his verdict that it was up to the choice of the children themselves and they could not be forced by Muslims. The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) took special care of the rights and protection of the non-Muslim citizens of the Republic of Medinah.

Non-Muslims were never forcibly recruited into the Muslim army and they just had to pay a nominal tax (Jizya) in return for the security provided to them by the Muslim government. Even in this regard, the Holy Prophet's statement over the death of his son Ibraheem (from the Coptic wife, Maria) is worth quoting: "If Ibraheem had survived, I would have exempted all the Coptic (Egyptian Christian) population from the payment of Jizya."

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