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The Second Caliph of Islam Hazrat Umar ibn al-Khattab | Short Biography


The second caliph of Islam Hazrat Umar Farooq RA

Hazrat Umar was a virtuous personality, who was craved by the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) to the Almighty Allah for the strength of Islam. Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) was born in 584 in Macca city of Saudi Arabia. His father's name was Khattab ibn Nufayl and his mother was Hantamah bint Hisham.

He was also the father-in-law of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him). He was confined as one of the best leading commanders and legend persons in the Quraish tribe and fully believer of his ancestors’ religion. He was a strict and eremitical opponent of Islam due to the unity of the Quraish Tribes. Once he became ready to slay the Holy Prophet (S.A.W).

When he was coming in the way, a person asked him, where he was going? Hazrat Umar replied that he was going to assassinate the Holy Prophet. After that person said to Umar that his sister along with her husband have already accepted Islam. He first went to his sister’s home. After reaching there, he listened to the sound coming out of his sister’s home. He entered home and severely asked his sister what she was reciting? She replied to the Umar “we were reciting the Holy Qur’an”. Hazrat Umar wanted to recite it and asked his sister to help so that he can also recite it. She asked him for the ablution (Wazoo). Then Hazrat Umar (R.A) recited it and got the light of Islam with the mercy of Almighty Allah.

After embracing Islam by Umar (R.A) in 616 AD, Muslims openly prayed in Mecca. They read Azaan freely. Before it, they worshipped Allah limited in their homes. Hazrat Umar brought happiness and self-reliance to their atmosphere.

Hazrat Umar (R.A) became the 2nd caliph of Muslims after the death of 1st Caliph Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (R.A) on 23 August 634 He was a strict and straightforward person in matters of religion Islam. He conquered many territories and spread Islam far and wide in the world. His tenure of Khilaafat was 10 years.

Hazrat Umar got Martyred after completing his cessation of Khilaafat on 1st Muharram-ul-Haraam, the first month of the Islamic Calendar by the Persian slave Abu Lu'lu'a Firuz in 644. He is in rest with the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) on the left of the Prophet’s grave in Medina.

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