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Some of the main events of the battle of Badar

Battle of Badr history

On 17th Ramadan 2 A.H., the Muslim and the Quraishite armies met for the first time on the battlefield of Badr. The Muslim army numbered 313 poorly equipped soldiers and faced 1000 men armed to the teeth. The disparity between the numbers and equipment is hard to imagine. 

The Holy Prophet advanced to the valley of Badr and seized the water supply and then blocked up all the wells except the one nearest to Makka. Thus he got first strategic supremacy. The Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad spent the night praying humbly to God for special divine help. The Muslims were stationed on the firm ground of the slope of a hill whereas the Makkans encamped on the sandy soil that had become slippery due to light rain. The sun, on the morning of the battle, hit in their eyes, but the Muslims had the sun on their backs.

The Makkan army had another setback when a strong wind began to blow and hit their eyes. Most importantly Allah sent down a thousand angels to help the Muslims, as stated in Surah Anfal.

In the battle of Badr, Hazrat Talha (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ) was appointed to keep an eye on the movement of caravans from Makkah.

The battle itself was fought in 3 stages: first war of words, then single combats, and lastly a general fighting. The Quraysh lost their three prominent chiefs, Utba bin Rabia, his brother Shaiba and his son Walid bin Utba by Ali (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ), Hamza (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ)  and Abu Ubaidah (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ). In the general fighting that followed, the Muslims followed the advice of the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad to first shoot arrows, then hurl stones, and lastly to engage in battle with swords in their hands.

They soon were able to press the enemy hard, as they killed such leading figures as Abu Jahl, Umayyah bin Kha'laf and many others so that a total of 70 Makkans were killed and 70 were taken as prisoners that included Abbas (Holy Prophet's uncle), an-Nazr, Uqba, Sohail and son of Abu Sufiyan.

Against this only 14 Muslims were martyred. The Muslims also captured 115 camels, 14 horses and a rich store of clothes, carpets and equipment of war.

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