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Some of the main events of the battle of Uhud

Battle of Uhud Islamic history

History of Battle of Uhud | Islamic Education In order to avenge their losses at Battle of Badr, in Ramadan 3 A.H., the Makkans raised an army of 3000 well-equipped men, of whom 700 had coats of mail and with 200 horses and 3000 camels under the command of Abu Sufiyan.

Women also accompanied the army and among them was Hind, Abu Sufiyan's wife and Utba's daughter. She had hired Wahshy bin Harb, the famous lancer, to take revenge from Hamza (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ) for Utba's death. The army reached near the Uhad hill through Wadi-I-Aqiq.

The Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad held a council of war and it was finally decided to face the enemy outside Medina.

An army of 1000 men was raised including 300 horsemen of Abdullah bin Ubbay, the hypocrite. After marching a few miles, he deserted the Muslim army with his 300 men, leaving the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad with only 700 men. Of them only 100 had coats of mail, but they were all true and sincere believers. This act on the part of Abdullah bin Ubay also exposed clearly the hypocrites within the Medina population.

Next day early in the morning, the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad occupied the western slope of the Uhad hill, and so the Muslims stood on a rising ground in a safer and secure position. On the top of the hill was a little pass which the enemy could use to attack from the rear and, therefore, the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad appointed 50 archers under Abdullah bin Jubayr (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ)  with strict instructions of never leaving their position unless asked by Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad . The Makkan army advanced under the command of Abu Sufiyan with Talha, the grandson of Abd-al-Uzza bearing the standard. Their right-wing was under the command of Khalid bin Walid and the left-wing under Ikrima bin Abu Jahl, both of whom had lost their fathers at Badr.

After the war of words, in the individual combats Talha and his brother Uthman were killed by Ali (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ) and Hamza (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ) and this infuriated the Quraish who began general fighting. They were held back by the archers, and such wonderful Muslim commanders as Ali (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ), Hamza (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ), Zubayr (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ) and Abu Dujana (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ).

Soon the Makkans began to retreat and after a while, they might have fled, but at that moment some of the Muslim troops fell upon the spoils of war in the Quraishite Camp. Except for 12, the remaining 38 archers also left their positions and got busy in plundering. When Khalid bin Walid saw this, he attacked the Muslims from the rear, and soon turned the tables on the Muslims. Several Muslims had to flee, and others began to retreat up the hill.

The Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad was surrounded and protected by many faithful followers. Hazrat Talha (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ) performed a heroic task in the battle of Uhud by saving Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad . He received twenty four wounds and lost two fingers while acting as a shield for Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad .

In the meantime, a rumour was spread that the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad had been killed, and this disheartened the Muslims who began to flee leaving the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad with a few companions. The cry also caused the Makkans to relax and stop fighting. They returned to their camp, but when they came to know that the Holy Prophet was alive, they held a war council. It was, however, decided that they would return to Makka, as they had taken revenge of Battle of Badr by killing about 70 Muslims. Abu Sufiyan then challenged the Muslims to meet the Makkans a year later at Badr. 

The Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad and the Muslims remained at Uhad till late in the evening, busy in burying their dead, nearly 74 in number. Against this only 10 Makkans (Kufaar) were killed. 

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