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Hazrat Talha bin Ubaidullah RaḍyAllāhu 'anhu – A short Biography in English

Talha bin Ubaidullah biography

Hazrat Talha bin Ubaidullah RayAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) belonged to the Banu Taym clan of Quraish tribe (Banu Tayam qabila or tribe). He embraced Islam while he was just a teenager. He was invited to Islam by his clansman Abu Bakr RayAllāhu 'anhu.

When Holy Prophet HazratMuhammad proclaimed his prophetic mission, Hazrat Talha RayAllāhu 'anhu had already prepared himself for its acceptance, and so he appeared with Abu Bakr Siddique before the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad , and embraced Islam. He faced difficulties together with Abu Bakr (RA), as both had not been protected by their clan Banu Taym.

Hazrat Talha RayAllāhu 'anhu is counted among the ten blessed companions (Ashra-e-Mubashira). Talha emigrated to Madinah for the cause of Islam and devoted all his wealth and energies to protect and promote Islam. He was known equally for his bravery, piety and generosity. For this, he was awarded the titles of Talhah al-Khair (Talhah the Benevolent), and Talhah al-Fayyaz (Talhah the Generous) by Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad .

Some of the significant contributions of Talha for Islam

In the battle of Badr, Hazrat Talha RayAllāhu 'anhu was appointed to keep an eye on the movement of caravans from Makkah. He performed a heroic task in the battle of Uhud by saving Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad . He received twenty-four wounds and lost two fingers while acting as a shield for Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad . The Holy Prophet wearing, two coats of mail, could not climb the rock during the battle, and Talha took him on his back and climbed the rock. The Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad was then heard saying,

Talha had made Paradise certain for himself.

After the battle of Uhud Hazrat Talha RayAllāhu 'anhu participated in all the battles led by the Holy Prophet He was present at the Bai'at-i-Ridwan and the Treaty of Hudaibiyah. He played a decisive role in the victory at Hunain. He provided financial aid in all these battles.

During the caliphate of Abu BakrSiddique (RA) and Hazrat Umar Farooque (RA) he remained an active and important member of the Islamic Council, and his advice was sought on all important matters. He was not present at the time of Hazrat Uthman's election, but he swore allegiance to him after his return to Madinah.

The Holy Prophet arranged Talha's marriage with Hamnah bint Jahash. Talha frequently bore the burden of rationing for the Muslim army.

During Ali's caliphate Talhah joined Zubayr bin Awwam RayAllāhu 'anhu and Ayesha RayAllāhu 'anha in the battle of Jamal (camel) in 36 A.H./656 AD. And He was then killed by Merwan bin Hakam, while he and Zubayr RayAllāhu 'anhu were going to leave the battlefield. He was about 62 at the time of his death, and left behind immense wealth. The Holy Prophet once said,

If anyone finds pleasure in looking at a martyr walking on the earth let him look at Talha.

He distributed seven hundred thousand Dirhams among the Ansar and Muhajireen, leaving only one thousand with his wife,

Importance of Talha bin Ubaidullah in Islam

Hazrat Talha bin Ubaidullah RayAllāhu 'anhu was among the earliest Makkans who embraced Islam, and then set a noble example of the remaining firm while facing inhuman persecutions. After Hijra, he contributed in a number of ways to strengthen the small force of Muslims, especially by fighting against the pagans and killing them in various battles. In recognition of his services, the Messenger of Allah granted him the glad tiding of entering Paradise, and exemption from the Final Accountability- he became one of the 10 blessed companions.

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