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The life and teachings of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)


Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), also known as the Messenger of God, was born in Mecca in the year 570 CE. He was a member of the Quraysh tribe, and his life and teachings have had a profound impact on the world and continue to be of great significance to Muslims today.

Early Life and Career

Muhammad (ﷺ) was born into a time of great social and political upheaval in the Arabian Peninsula. He was orphaned at a young age and raised by his uncle, and as a young man, he worked as a trader, traveling extensively throughout the region.

During his travels, Muhammad (ﷺ) was struck by the poverty, suffering, and injustice that he saw, and he began to spend long hours in meditation and contemplation, seeking a solution to these problems. Eventually, he received a series of revelations from God that would change the course of his life and the world forever.

Revelation and Prophetic Mission

According to Islamic tradition, Muhammad (ﷺ) was 40 years old when he received his first revelation from God, who spoke to him through the angel Gabriel. Over the next 23 years, he received many more revelations, which were later compiled into the holy book of Islam, the Quran.

Muhammad's revelations were a call to action, urging people to reject the idol worship and moral corruption of their time and to return to the worship of one true God. He also received instructions on how to live a righteous and just life, and he began to preach these teachings to those around him.

Despite initial resistance and opposition, Muhammad's message gradually gained traction, and he gained a large following of followers, many of whom were from the lower and marginalized classes of society.

Hijra and the Establishment of Islam in Medina

As opposition to Muhammad (ﷺ) and his followers grew, he and his followers were forced to leave Mecca and seek refuge in Medina in the year 622 CE. This event, known as the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar and is seen as the birth of the Muslim community.

In Medina, Muhammad (ﷺ) was able to establish a community based on the principles of Islam and the teachings of the Quran. He signed a treaty with the Jews of Medina, granting them religious freedom and protection, and his followers continued to grow in numbers.

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The Conquest of Mecca and the Expansion of Islam

After several years in Medina, Muhammad (ﷺ) and his followers were able to return to Mecca and conquer it in the year 630 CE. This marked the beginning of the expansion of Islam, which soon spread throughout the Arabian Peninsula and beyond.

Muhammad's leadership was characterized by fairness, justice, and compassion, and he established several social and legal reforms that aimed to improve the lives of the people. He also continued to receive revelations from God, which guided a wide range of issues, from personal conduct and morality to political and economic matters.

Death and Legacy

Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) passed away in the year 632 CE at the age of 63. His death marked the end of his earthly mission, but his teachings and legacy have lived on and continue to be an inspiration to millions of people around the world.

The Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)

The teachings of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) are at the heart of Islam and guide all aspects of life, from personal conduct and morality to political and economic matters.

Justice and Equality

One of the core principles of Prophet Muhammad's teachings is justice and equality. He taught that all people are equal in the eyes of God and that leaders must ensure that justice is served and that the needs of all members of society are met.

Compassion and Mercy

Another important aspect of Prophet Muhammad's teachings is compassion and mercy. He emphasized the importance of showing kindness and compassion to all, especially to those in need, and taught that the well-being of others should be of paramount importance.

Forgiveness and Tolerance

Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) also taught the importance of forgiveness and tolerance, encouraging his followers to forgive those who wronged them and to show compassion and kindness to all, even to those who held different beliefs or lifestyles. He believed that true strength lies in forgiveness and compassion, not in retaliation and violence.

Faith and Worship

The worship of one true God, who is just and merciful, is a central part of Prophet Muhammad's teachings. He taught that the purpose of life is to serve God and to live by His will, and he emphasized the importance of prayer, fasting, and other acts of worship as a means of strengthening one's relationship with God.


The life and teachings of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) continue to be of great significance to millions of people around the world, not just to Muslims, but to people of all faith and no faith. His message of justice, equality, compassion, forgiveness, and worship has inspired and continues to inspire people to lead lives of meaning and purpose, and his legacy continues to shape the world in countless ways. Whether you are a Muslim or not, it is worth learning about the life and teachings of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), as they offer a wealth of wisdom and insight that can be applied to our own lives and the world around us.

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How Muslim communities seek guidance from Quran & Sunnah

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