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The main features of the Friday congregational prayers - Jumma Namaz

Muslims are praying Friday prayer Jumma namaz

On every Friday, the Zuhr prayer is not offered in the Mosques. Instead, a special congregational prayer, Friday prayer (Jumma Namaz), named after the day it is offered, is performed.

This has great importance, as an entire sura of the Quran also carries this name (Sura 62). The Holy Quran Says,

"O ye who believe! When the call is proclaimed to prayer on Friday, (the Day of Assembly) hasten earnestly to the Remembrance of Allah, and leave off business (and traffic): that is best for you if ye but knew!.."

This verse highlights the exalted status of this weekly congregational prayer, Friday prayer (Jumma Namaz). Scholars have called it, 'The world's greatest classroom", as millions of Muslims assemble for this religious obligation that is performed in the following manner.

How Friday prayer (Jumma Namaz) is performed

First of all, in the light of the above ayat, all other activities must be halted and men (women may also attend, but it is not mandatory) should proceed towards the mosque when they hear the 1st Azan. The prerequisites are the same as for other prayers, although the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad has urged the Muslims to bathe and wear special dress for the prayer, as he himself used to do. Then the second Azan is delivered and the Imam of the mosque delivers two sermons from the pulpit, and then leads the congregation in two rakat of prayer. These sermons include the praise of Allah, and teachings from the Quran and Sunnah. The Imam / Khateeb may also include any point of socio-political importance that he feels is necessary to mention before the body of Muslims. As these sermons are delivered in the Arabic language, non-Arab Muslims add a third lecture preceding the Arabic ones, the purpose being as the same as the Arabic sermons, i.e., to present Islamic teachings before the congregation. These sermons are an obligatory part of the Friday prayer (Jumma Namaz) and must be listened to with complete concentration.

According to the Islamic education OR Fuqaha, all those acts that nullify salat, nullify the khutba. Juma must be offered in the congregation like the Eidain prayer. It cannot be offered individually. According to Fuqaha, the strength of the congregation should not be less than forty. There is no qada (Or also referred Qaza) prayer for Juma. If missed, then routine zuhr prayer is to be offered by the individual.

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